The first step to optimising code is finding slow code.
Gramex 1.x has two functions that help with this.
The first is gramex.debug.timer(). It prints the time since its last call. You can introduce it between any two lines to see how fast it runs. Here is a simple example:
from gramex.debug import timer def calc(): timer('start') some_code() timer('ran some_code()')
This prints the following message on the log:
I 05-May 08:16:38 debug:54 0.102s start [module.function:56] I 05-May 08:16:38 debug:54 0.012s ran some_code() [module.function:58]
The second is gramex.debug.lineprofile - a decorator that prints the time taken for each line of a function every time it is called.
import pandas as pd from gramex.debug import lineprofile @lineprofile def calc(): data = pd.Series([x*x for x in range(1000)]) diff = data.diff() acf = data.autocorr() return acf
When we run
calc(), it prints the timing of each line:
Timer unit: 3.52616e-07 s Total time: 0.00198735 s File: <ipython-input-8-af6a7bd543d9> Function: calc at line 4 Line # Hits Time Per Hit % Time Line Contents ============================================================== 4 @lineprofile 5 def calc(): 6 1001 3023 3.0 53.6 data = pd.Series([x*x for x in range(1000)]) 7 1 613 613.0 10.9 diff = data.diff() 8 1 1998 1998.0 35.5 acf = data.autocorr() 9 1 2 2.0 0.0 return acf
These functions work even when you’re not running a Gramex server. You can use
them in ANY
Python program or